The US has disaggregated the Jaish al-Mahdi by separating the Iranian-backed “Special Groups”, the criminal mafias, and the “Noble” JAM loyal to Sadr. Sadr called for a six month ceasefire and suspension of JAM activity while he reorganizes the militia.
The US is opening negotiations with the “Noble” Jaish al-Mahdi. The idea is to temper the extremists by dividing and negotiating. This method shows JAM supporters that the “moderates” get results through diplomacy and politics while the violent factions get a bullet in the head.