Maj. Stephen Nitzschke gives a unique explanation of Vietnam. He uses a complex adaptive system model to explain the process driving events behind the war.

…the perpetually novel environment faced by agents within the complex adaptive system reaffirms the Clausewitzian notion that war is never an isolated act, and its results are never final. Cas theory tells us that time spent searching for an optimal ‘end state’ is better spent making a series of progressive improvements. With each improvement comes new opportunities for exploitation. Quick action will replace the measured response in an attempt to outpace the enemy’s ability to adjust to changing circumstances.

cas histories may turn out to be far superior to the traditional narrative form of history