June 2007


Here is a good resource on the ISF Order of Battle. The ISF has traditional military forces – Army, Air Force, Navy, Special Forces. Iraq also has a National Police, local police, and a coast guard.
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This phase technically began in August 2006, but only starting taking effect in January 2007.

Tribes are the dominant military force in network-based warfare. If they have sufficient motive and materials, they can outfight most other network insurgents, including Islamists. The Anbar Tribes rose against Al-Qaeda in Iraq and is moving to secure Anbar Province and encourage other tribal awakenings. This effectively destroyed Al-Qaeda’s center of gravity in Iraq.
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This phase occurred between 2005 and 2006.

In 2005, sovereignty was transferred to the elected Iraqi Government. The Sunni populist insurgency of 2004 was destroyed. Sunni Insurgents switched to using network warfare tactics to disrupt the Iraqi and American government and the economy. The American reaction is poor and insufficient to defeat the network-based insurgency until 2007. The Insurgency lacked power to overthrow the Iraqi government. The result is a two year stalemate.
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Muqtada al-Sadr led an uprising with his militia from April to June of 2004.

This uprising was not widespread or long enough to be considered a true insurgency.  It lacked any revolutionary aim despite the rhetoric. The militia uprising occurred to prevent American forces from arresting al-Sadr. Grand Ayatollah al-Sistani intervened to end the uprising and encouraged al-Sadr to enter the new Iraqi provisional government.
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 This phase began around March and lasted until November 2004.

Overall: Al-Qaeda in Iraq took command of a decentralized insurgency. Sunni Tribes, former Ba’athists and indigenous Salafis launched a major attack against US forces from the Sunni Triangle. Insurgent forces captured a number of cities and posed a worse threat to the US than any other insurgent period.
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This phase took place between April 2003 and December 2003.

The situation in Kurdistan was peaceful and secure and would remain so until the present.
The rest of Iraq faced several problems
1) Widespread looting and crime following the breakdown of law and order
2) Tribes and Religious militias began fighting each other for dominance
3) Sunni Tribes and Ba’athists began an insurgency
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The First Phase lasted from March 20th to the end of April. There’s no definitive end date, but the fall of Baghdad on April 9th marked the end of the Ba’ath regime.

This is a brief review of the invasion
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